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Bosch Hieronymus ( 1450-1516 )

 

1450-1516
Hieronymus Bosch / je'?onimus b?s /; birth name Jeroen Anthonissen van Aken / j?'r?n ¨»n'toni?zo?n v¨»n 'a?k?n / (c. 1450 ¨C August 9 , 1516 ) was an Early Netherlandish painter of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. Many of his works depict sin and human moral failings. Bosch used images of demons , half-human animals and machines to evoke fear and confusion to portray the evil of man. The works contain complex, highly original, imaginative, and dense use of symbolic figures and iconography , some of which was obscure even in his own time.

Hieronymus Bosch was born Jheronimus (or Jeroen) van Aken (meaning "from Aachen "). He signed a number of his paintings as Bosch (pronounced Boss in Dutch). The name derives from his birthplace, 's-Hertogenbosch , which is commonly called "Den Bosch".

Little is known of Bosch's life or training. He left behind no letters or diaries, and what has been identified has been taken from brief references to him in the municipal records of 's-Hertogenbosch, and in the account books of the local order of the Brotherhood of Our Lady. Nothing is known of his personality or his thoughts on the meaning of his art. Bosch's date of birth has not been determined with certainty. It is estimated at c. 1450 on the basis of a hand drawn portrait (which may be a self-portrait) made shortly before his death in 1516. The drawing shows the artist at an advanced age, probably in his late sixties. [1]

Bosch was born and lived all his life in and near ¡®s-Hertogenbosch, the capital of the Dutch province of Brabant. His grandfather, Jan van Aken (died 1454), was a painter and is first mentioned in the records in 1430. It is known that Jan had five sons, four of whom were also painters. Bosch's father, Anthonius van Aken (died c. 1478) acted as artistic adviser to the Brotherhood of Our Lady. [2] It is generally assumed that either Bosch's father or one of his uncles taught the artist to paint, however none of their works survive. [3] Bosch first appears in the municipal record in 1474, when he is named along with two brothers and a sister.

's-Hertogenbosch was a flourishing city in fifteenth century Brabant , in the south of the present-day Netherlands. In 1463, some 4,000 houses in the town were destroyed by a catastrophic fire, which the then (approximately) 13-year-old Bosch may have witnessed. He became a popular painter in his lifetime and often received commissions from abroad. In 1488 he joined the highly respected Brotherhood of Our Lady , an arch-conservative religious group of some 40 influential citizens of 's-Hertogenbosch, and some 7,000 'outer-members' from around Europe.

Some time between 1479 and 1481, Bosch married Aleyt Goyaerts van den Meerveen, who was a few years older than the artist. The couple moved to the nearby town of Oirschot, where his wife had inherited a house and land, from her wealthy family. [4]

An entry in the accounts of the Brotherhood of Our Lady records Bosch's death in 1516. A funeral mass served in his memory was held in the church of Saint John on 9th August of that year. [5]


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Type: Canvas oil painting
Manuscript :
Bosch Hieronymus 001
Packaging: Unframed in protective tube
Delivery Time: 7 to 14 days

Type: Canvas oil painting
Manuscript :
Bosch Hieronymus 002
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Type: Canvas oil painting
Manuscript :
Bosch Hieronymus 00
3
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Type: Canvas oil painting
Manuscript :
Bosch Hieronymus004
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Type: Canvas oil painting
Manuscript :
Bosch Hieronymus 005
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Type: Canvas oil painting
Manuscript :
Bosch Hieronymus 006
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Type: Canvas oil painting
Manuscript :
Bosch Hieronymus 007
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Type: Canvas oil painting
Manuscript :
Bosch Hieronymus 008
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Type: Canvas oil painting
Manuscript :
Bosch Hieronymus 009
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Type: Canvas oil painting
Manuscript :
Bosch Hieronymus 010
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Type: Canvas oil painting
Manuscript
:Bosch Hieronymus 011
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Type: Canvas oil painting
Manuscript :
Bosch Hieronymus 012
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Type: Canvas oil painting
Manuscript :
Bosch Hieronymus 013
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Manuscript :
Bosch Hieronymus 014
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Type: Canvas oil painting
Manuscript :
Bosch Hieronymus 015
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Manuscript
:Bosch Hieronymus 016
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Manuscript :
Bosch Hieronymus 017
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Manuscript
:Bosch Hieronymus 018
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Type: Canvas oil painting
Manuscript :
Bosch Hieronymus019
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Manuscript :
Bosch Hieronymus 020
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Manuscript :
Bosch Hieronymus 021
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Manuscript :
Bosch Hieronymus 022
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Type: Canvas oil painting
Manuscript :
Bosch Hieronymus 023
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Manuscript :
Bosch Hieronymus 024
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Manuscript :
Bosch Hieronymus 025
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Type: Canvas oil painting
Manuscript :
Bosch Hieronymus 026
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Type: Canvas oil painting
Manuscript :
Bosch Hieronymus 027
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Manuscript :
Bosch Hieronymus 028
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Manuscript :
Bosch Hieronymus 029
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Type: Canvas oil painting
Manuscript :
Bosch Hieronymus 030
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Manuscript
: Bosch Hieronymus 031
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Manuscript :
Bosch Hieronymus 032
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Type: Canvas oil painting
Manuscript
:Bosch Hieronymus 033
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Manuscript
Bosch Hieronymus 034
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Manuscript
:Bosch Hieronymus 035
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Manuscript :
Bosch Hieronymus 036
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Type: Canvas oil painting
Manuscript
:Bosch Hieronymus 037
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Manuscript :
Bosch Hieronymus 038
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Type: Canvas oil painting
Manuscript
:Bosch Hieronymus039
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Bosch Hieronymus 040
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